Transparency International (TI)
As one of the leading global civil society organizations in the fight against corruption, Transparency International has published the Corruption Perception Index annually since 1995. The index reveals that in the last decade, with a loss of significant points, Turkey became one of the a few countries whose situations deteriorated most.
Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE)
ACFE is the world's largest anti-fraud organization. In accordance with Global Study on Occupational Fraud and Abuse of ACFE, in the Eastern Europe and Western / Central Asia region where Turkey is, corruption represents one of the most significant fraud risks. %60 of cases involve corruption which is the second highest rate in the world.
TRACE is a globally recognized anti-bribery business association. In accordance with the TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix that measures business bribery risk across the world, Turkey performed extremely bad in the last years and fall behind many emerging markets.